Posted - 28 November 2014 : 08:22:18
story by Ayko...Willy Luke Muschiol
Nan-Shaolin is the name of a Buddhist monastery whose existence and location are disputed although relics and ruins have identified it to be authentic. Traditionally, it is considered the source of all southern Chinese Martial Arts.
According to Daoxuan, in the 'Continued Biographies of Eminent Monks' (645 AD), the first official Shaolin Monastery was built on the north side of Shaoshi, the central peak of Mount Song, one of the Sacred Mountains of China, by Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei dynasty in 477 AD, to accommodate the India Master beside the capital Luoyang city. The 'Jiaqing Chongxiu Yitongzhi' (1843) specifies that this monastery, located in the province of Henan, was built in the 20th year of the Taihe era of the Northern Wei dynasty, and in 495 AD founded by Fang Lu-Hao.
Emperors of every succeeding Chinese dynasty have consecrated the Shaolin Temple as their Imperial Temple. This was where emperors prayed on behalf of their people. It was also the birthplace of Zen Buddhism. The Shaolin Temple is the main temple of the Shaolin school of Buddhism to this day.
The first Shaolin Monastery Abbot (Grand Master) was Batou (Fotuo or Buddhabhadra), a Dhyána Master who came to China through India from Greco-Buddhist Central Asia in 464 AD to spread Buddhist teachings.
A number of traditions make reference to a southern Shaolin Monastery located in Fujian province. During the Tang dynasty in the reign of Emperor Taizong of Tang, warrior monks from Henan Shaolin were deployed from the Shaolin temple to combat piracy. With the pirates suppressed the monks remained in support of the local garrison and established a southern Shaolin Monastery with high ranking strategists and elite warrior monks. During the Tang dynasty, Shaolin warriors were used in support of the regular army and at its peak there were nine additional Shaolin monasteries.
The southern Shaolin Temple had a reputation for being a revolutionary center and the Abbott refused to become a part of the Emperors army or take orders from him. In an effort to crush the growing rebellion, the Qing army attacked and burned the southern Shaolin Monastery during middle of the 19th century. Only the most skilled Shaolin Monks escaped the attack.
With the demise of the Shaolin warrior units the subsidiary Shaolin monasteries disappeared, so that by the end of the Qing dynasty only the Temple at Henan remained. There remained only 'The Five Shaolin Elders' to continue the traditions of the southern Temple. Throughout southern China they established clan lineages that gave rise to the Hung, Lau, Choi, Lee, Mok and Wing Chun styles and those styles that derive from them such as Cai Li Fo, Kung fu, Shi fu, Wai jia, Nei jia, Chin na, Fa jin, Qi, Qi gong, Nei gong.
When the government destroyed the first Temple, Ji Sin, one of ‘The Five Elders’, went on to build a second southern Shaolin Temple at Jiulian Shan (Nine Lotus Mountain) which was also later destroyed by the Qing government with the help of Pak Mei and Fung Dou Dak, two of Five Elders who betrayed the Shaolin.
...but first, Ji Sin is undercover as a street beggar as his obssessive hunt begins for the two Shaolin traitors, Pak Mei and Fung Dou Dak that may be his own downfall and the loss of the true history of Shaolin Wushu...
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